Das grossartiges Schmuckstück, ehemals eine Efeu Devante de Corsage aus Diamanten und Perlen, erhielt Prinzessin Elena von Montenegro, als sie den Thronfolger von Italien heiratete.
Ihre Tochter Giovanna, Prinzessin von Italien, die Witwe von Tsar Boris III. von Bulgarien, im Bild mit einem Teil des zu einem Diadem umgearbeiteten Schmuck ihrer Mutter Elena.
Royal jewelery of the Tsarina of Bulgaria
This diadem of ivy leaves and berries in gold with diamonds, which is still worn today by their descendants.
Queen Giovanna, Princess of Italy and widow of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria is pictured above wearing, a part of that stomacher as diadem of her mother.
Margarita Gomez Acebo, wore the diadem to bridal soiree, on the occasion of her wedding with Prince Simeon of Bulgaria.
Princess Giovanna of Savoy married Boris of Bulgaria in 1930.
The ancient Italian town of Assisi was a veritable fairyland on the occasion of the wedding of King Boris of Bulgaria to Princess Giovanna of Italy, daughter of the King Italy.
The streets were thronged with sightseers, who strewed flowers as the bridal procession passed on its way to and from the historic Basilica of St. Francis, where the ceremony took place in the presence of a crowded congregation, made up of members of the Royal couple's families and distinguished visitors from all parts.
There were gay music, masses of lovely flowers, and flags fluttering everywhere, in fact the ceremony passed off in the happiest of circumstances. The crowd in the town was estimated at 100,000. To-night the Royal couple will leave by train for Brindisi, where they will embark for Bulgaria. There will be a torchlight procession through the streets.
The Royal trains arrived at Assisi in the morning from Pisa, bringing King Boris, of Bulgaria. Princess Giovanna, of Italy, and the members of their families for the wedding in the historic Basilica, St. Francis. A large number of guests had already arrived —many motor car—including many representatives of the couple's families and foreign Royalty. Station and trains were gaily decorated, and the Royal parties were greeted on their arrival by civic dignitaries, and a delegation of the Franciscan Order. Cheering citizens, gay music, masses of lovely flowers, and thousands of Italian and Bulgarian flags completed the town's welcome.
In the first train the King and Queen of Italy arrived with Princess and her sisters. The second train ex-Csar of Bulgaria, Ferdinand, while the bridegroom, King Boris, and his suite, occupied the third train. King Boris was received formally on his arrival station by the King of Italy and his Ministers.
The Queen of Italy was dressed in a velvet gown of gun-metal shade, Princess Yolanda in green velvet and the Princesses Mafalda and Maria in bright blue velvet.
Princess Giovanna, for whom the great crowd reserved its wildest welcome, was already in her white wedding dress when she stepped from the train, and made her way slowly into the square in front of the station, where 70 motor cars were waiting to take part in the procession through the town. The procession has been planned to take more than hour to reach its destination and several stops were made for the performance of moving little ceremonies. The first stop was the Basilica of St. Mary, where the bride, on the arm of her father, was received at the door by the Assisi, who gave them his blessing.
The superior-general of the Franciscan Order received the Royal personages as they arrived, and the choir of 500 monks —of whom 15 are Bulgarian —were formed up to offer welcome. Joyful music filled the great upper church as the Royal couple and their hundreds of guests entered and took their places for the marriage ceremony. Walking upon a carpet of rose-petals, bride and bridegroom joined each other before the high altar, with their parents on their right, Princes and Princesses on their left, and the distinguished congregation of guests in the nave behind them.
The monks' choir, accompanied by the organ, sang during the ceremony, and Father Rizzo, custodian of the Basilica, celebrated the mass at which Princess Giovanna received Holy Communion.
Crown Prince Umberto acted principal sponsor for the bride in the place of the Duke of Genoa, who withdrew on account of his age, and the witnesses for King Boris were his brother, Prince Cyril, and the Duke of Wurtemberg.
King Boris, with his Queen, then lead the procession into the sacristy, in order to put their signatures to the civil documents. The bridal couple and their guests then motored to the Villa Costanzi, some three miles away, for the wedding breakfast, with another stop on the way at the Church of St. Mary of the Angels. It was expected that the couple would make a tour of the town before leaving. Their departure is timed for seven o'clock this evening, and they will escorted to station by a procession of inhabitants, accompanied by bands and bearing banners and torches.
The bride's robes, which were entirely of white, were made in Turin. Her veil was a present from the Italian Crown Princess. It was eight yards long, and the bearers were six young ladies of high birth. The orange blossom was provided from the garden of the Franciscans.
All the ladies were dressed in white, with veils, their dresses being high-necked and long sleeved. About 300 guests were accommodated in the church.
Six thousand troops were brought into Assisi to line the streets, and there was a similar number of Fascist legionaries on duty. The Royal escort consisted of 40 Cuirassiers.
Princess Giovanna expressed the hope that wedding presents for her might take the form of gifts to the poor. Nevertheless, many handsome presents arrived at San Rossore.
Among the notable gifts were a diadem set with diamonds and pearls, from ex-tsar Ferdinand, a silver samovar of old workmanship, made in London, from the Fascist Party, a collection of old embroidery work from the ladies of the Court, and very handsome piano from the ladies of Turin.
The Italian Government gave her a bronze statue by Vincenzo Gerrmto, entitled "The Fireman."
All over Italy, the towers are hung with Italian and Bulgarian flags, in celebration of the wedding. The newspapers devote several pages to the Royal marriage, expressing again the kind feeling of the people for the young Princess, and wishing the King and Queen of Bulgaria good fortune.
The National Bank of Bulgaria , the Agric Bank and the Co-Operative Bank have decided to place the sum of 5,000,000 leva (approximately £7500 ) at the disposal of the young Queen as a wedding gift. The Scotsman.
The Bulgarian Government has presented Queen Giovanna with a necklace of diamonds, emeralds and rubies in the national colours. Bucks Herald 1930
The Queen wore a simply-made white dress, without train. A short white tulle veil hung from her magnificent diadem of diamonds, rubies, and emeralds>> representing the Bulgarian colours.
This diadem formerly belonged to Princess Marie Louise>> the mother of King Boris, and was presented to Queen Giovanna by ex-King Ferdinand at Assisi.
The wedding breakfast was given at the Villa Costanzi where Princess Giovanna took off her veil and put on the magnificent tiara as a sign that she was Queen. From that moment she was addressed as your Majesty by all who were present.
The room in which the King and Queen of Italy, the King and Queen of Bulgaria, ex-King Ferdinand of Bulgaria, Prince Cvril and Princess Eudoxia of Bulgaria, the Crown Prince and Princess of Italy, Princess Yolanda and her husband, Count Calvi, Princess Mafalda and her husband, Prince D'Assia, Princess Maria of Savoy, the other royal guests, and Signor Mussolini were served is a long narrow gallery with a stone balcony running the length of one side of it, from which a magnificent view of the plain, encircled on its horizons by low blue hills, can be got, while at each end is a window looking one way back towards Assisi, and the other towards the village of Spello.
The most charming moment at the breakfast was when three little children offered King Boris and his bride three bowls filled wih wine, oil and bread—symbols cf the agricultural life of Assisi. When the breakfast was over King Boris and his Queen drove away to embark at Ancona for their journey to Bulgaria.
Sources: Western Daily Press, 1930; The Times;
The Bulgarian Fleur-de-Lis Tiara | Royal and Imperial Jewels of Bulgaria | Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon Parme
Diamonds | Royal and Imperial Crown Jewels of Bulgaria | Giovanna of Bulgaria | Diamond Ivy Leaf Tiara Diadem
Juwelen und Schmuck der Tsaritsa von Bulgarien | Queen Consort Margarita of Bulgaria | Diamond Ivy Leaf Tiara Diadem
Imperial Rubies of Bulgaria | Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon Parme |Chaumet Diamond Ruby Necklace Collier
Large Sapphire Diamond Brooch | Diamond Waterfall Aigrette | Bulgarian | Royal and Imperial Jewels of Bulgaria | Tsaritsa Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon Parme
Historische Perlen Brosche und Königlicher Schmuck der Prinzessin Nadeshda von Bulgarien | Herzogin von Württemberg| Kronjuwelen Frankreich