Antonio, the husband of infata Eulalia, was the only surviving son of Prince Antoine of Orléans, Duke of Montpensier, and his wife Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain. Through his father, he was a grandson of King Louis Philippe of the French and his wife Princess Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies. Through his mother, he was a grandson of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.
Antonio was born in Seville, shortly before the end of the reign of his aunt Queen Isabella II of Spain. Due to the Glorious Revolution of 1868 which chased his family from Spain, he spent most of his childhood abroad. Yet his ambitious and liberal father Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, had some relations with the revolutionaries who forced him to flee his country of adoption. In fact, the uprising was prepared with his money and he hoped to be elected king in exchange. However, the attempt failed and the banishment of the House of Orléans was confirmed by the Spanish interim government.
In December 1874, the coup of General Arsenio Martínez Campos allowed for the restoration of the Spanish monarchy and the young Alfonso XII was made king following the renunciation of his mother. A few months later, the Orléans were pardoned and Antonio went to live with his family in Seville in Palacio San Telmo. In 1878, King Alfonso XII married Antonio's older sister Mercedes, and the reconciliation of the Spanish Orléans and Bourbons was complete.
On 6 March 1886 in Madrid, Antonio married his cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain, the daughter of Queen Isabella II of Spain and her husband Francis, Duke of Cádiz.
Antonio and Eulalia had two children:
Alfonso, Infante of Spain and 5th Duke of Galliera (1886–1975);
Luis Fernando, Infante of Spain (1888–1945);
Antonio's marriage gave him the opportunity to play some official role in the court in Madrid. In 1892, he participated in his wife's trip to Cuba and the United States for the celebrations of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. Antonio, however, was fickle and extravagant, while his wife was a strong and cultured woman who refused to bear the humiliations caused by her husband. They separated shortly after they returned to Spain from the United States. On 31 May 1901, they signed a legal separation before the Spanish Consul General in Paris.
Duke of Galliera
In 1895, King Umberto I of Italy recognised Antonio as the heir of the title Duke of Galliera. The legitimate heir of the title, Phlipp la Renotière von Ferrary (1850–1917) refused to use it and Antonio brought forward his relations with the family of the last Duchess of Galliera, Maria of Brignole-Sale (1812–1888) to obtain the title.
1886 the Spanish princess H.R.H. the Infanta Doña Eulalia
of Spain, the daughter of Queen Isabella II of Spain, married her first cousin Antonio de Orléans y de Borbón,
Infante of Spain and Duke of Galliera.
The Infanta Eulalia was famous for her excentric lifestyle and jewels, we know some of her important collection und royal wedding gifts. And she had add some items after 1900 to her treasure, as well.
Above wee could see her pictured in 1923 from Bassano, when she wore an diamond and pearl loop tiara. The loops of diamond are in a kokoshnik frame and the Infanta wore it in the style of the time on her forehead.
It's not a loop tiara like the russian or others we know, because it has collects of large diamonds on each small points of the enwindend diamond ovals.
In 1983 an importand diamond and Pearl Tiara was sold in Geneve - it was forming a necklace set with a series of graduated drop shaped pearls with rose-cut diamonds caps and diamond leaf mounts in diamond entwinded oval frames, mounted in silver and gold.
That tiara is similar in style to the tiara of the Infanta,without the leaf mounts,she probalby use it on this frame and as necklace, as well as a bracelet.
Designed as a series of graduated cream-coloured drop-shaped natural pearls, ranging from 3.12 to 11.17 mm large, each mounted on a rose-cut diamond cap framed by foliate motifs, and set in an entwined old-mine cut diamond oval-shaped frame, adaptable into a necklace or a bracelet, diamonds estimated to weight a total of circa 70 carats, mounted in silver and 18k yellow gold, circa 1880, tirara inner circumference/ necklace length circa 50 cm, maximum width circa 4.9 cm, bracelet length circa 20.5 cm, bracelet maximum width circa 2.4 cm
Stating that the 32 pearls are natural saltwater, with additional Appendix letter highlighting that assembling a selection of natural pearls of this size and quality in a pearl tiara of antique design can be considered rare and exceptional.
It features 32 interlocking diamond ovals with larger circular diamonds at the top and bottom of each oval; with pear shaped, upright and natural pearls within each oval. It is supported by diamond foliates. A lot of tiaras are being sold at auction by the families it is left to and this could very well be the case with this one.
The pearl drops are very similar in this tiara and the Lover’s Knot but instead of hanging down the pearls are facing upright.
two shoulder brooch of diamond, like epauletten and a fringe diamond brooch on the buttom, more than two bracelets.
Source:l'infante Eulalie; Wikipedia;
bei ERBSCHAFT :::: Gold