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Perlen Diadem der Kaiserin Eugenie

Perlen Diadem der Kaiserin Eugenie

Mit ausgesuchten 212 Perlen von 2530 Grain Gewicht und 1998 Diamanten des französischen Kronschatzes, wurde 1853 von Lemmonier für Kaiserin Eugenie, der Gemahlin von Napoleon III. , aus einem Diadem der 1793 enthaupteten Marie Antoinette gefertigt, 1890 gelangte es nach Regensburg.

Der Grossvater von Johannes, Fürst Albert(1867-1952) erstand es aus der Konkursmasse des französichen Kaiserreichs - als Hochzeitsgeschenk für die Erzherzogin Margarete von Österreich (1870-1955), die er zur Fürstin von Thurn und Taxis machte. Seitdem wurde der brillante Kopfschmuck, jeder Fürstinnen zur Hochzeit aufs Haupt gesetzt.

"Ich trage nicht so oft Kronen - weshalb sollte ich also so viele aufbewahren ?" so wird Gloria von Thurn und Taxis anlässlich des Verkaufs ihres Familienschmucks zitiert.
Bei dem Diadem, aber so weiss man, da hätte ihr das Herz geblutet. ....Das Diadem der Kaiserin Eugenie, das der Louvre ersteigert hat, trug die Fürstin bei ihrer Hochzeit mit Fürst Johannes, oben im Bild.
Ein weiteres Bild von der Fürstenhochzeit mit dem Diadem und die Entstehung des Diadems aus den Perlen des französischen Kronschatz.


935 000 Mark brachte das "Krönchen" das einst für Kaiserin Eugenie gefertigt wurde, vom Erlös konnte ein Teil der durch den Tod des Fürsten, fällig gewordene Erbschaftssteuer bezahlt werden. Eine französische Fördergruppe hat das schöne Schmuckstück ersteigert und anschliessend dem Louvre zur Verfügung gestellt.
Ein weiteres Bild des Diadems, mit der Fürstin Margarethe
Die Perlenbrosche der Fürstin Margarethe

 

Pearl and Diamond Tiara of Empress Eugenie

A tiara of exceptionally artistic openwork design, adorned with large, round pearls and surounted by a row of magnificeent pear-shaped pearls.
Designed as a row of pearls alterning with cushion-shaped diamond leaves supporting a row of eight scrolled leaf motifs set with similarily cut diamonds decorated with pearls, surmounted by a large pear shaped peals between diamond leafage, on silver and gold mounted, the most of the pearls are drilled.
212 pearls weighting 2520 grains and 1998 brillants, was part of the extensive order given by Napoleon III. to the leading Parisian jewellers Lemonierm ti create a outstanding jewellery, out of precious stones and peearls form the State Treasury on the occasion of htis marriage to Eugenie de Gusman, Comtess de Teba.
The pearls come from a parure assembled from 1810 for Napoleon I`s second Empress, the Archduchess Marie-Louise, daughter of the Emperor Franz I of Austria.

This was enterely transformed between September 1819 and July 1820 by Bapst-Meniere. This was the jewellers to Louis XVIII, for Marie-Therese, Madame Royale and Duchesse d´Angouleme, the only surviving child of Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette, before again beein remodelled in 1853.

Only a necklace of forty-seven pearls and four plaques was preserved; the rest of the parure was made by Lemoniier, whose two celebrated paures in emeralds and sapphires for Queen Isabella of Spain had attracted the future Napoleon III´s attention at the International Exhibitons of 1851, and by Francois Kramer who was favoured by the Empress.

On the occasion of the imperial marriage on 29 Janury 1853 Lemonier received orders to execute a great pearls and diamond stomacher incorparating the Perle Napoleon and Kramer two shoulder - and two bodice-brooches.
Lemonier´s tiara and matching coronet followed later in the same year.
Winterhalter painted the Empress wearing the two head ornaments in 1855.
The Empress Eugenie probably wore this tiara when she accompanied Napoleon III on a state visit to England in 1855. Queen Victoria was charmed by Eugenie who showed her "splendid jewels, many of which were Crown jewels which the Empress has had reset...."
Queen Victoria noted, that the Empress wore " the pearl diadem" at dinner at Windsor Castle on 17 and 18 April.
The French Crown Jewels were exhibited at the paris Expostition Unviverselle in 1878 and on their return visit to Paris a few months later, the Queen and the Prince were conducted round the Exposition Universelle and greatly admired "the truly superb Crown Jewels, most beautifully set" on display in the exhibition.
(Queen Victoria, Leaves from a Journal)

The exhibition inspired the design of a lot of new worrks including a diamond and pearl diadem given as a wedding present to the Infanta Eulalia by the Queen Regent of Spain.

After some years of indicision, the Republican government decided to sell the Crown Jewels. The tiara was described by Arthur Bloche as a "Bijoux du plus pur style Louis XVI" , that means a jewel in the purest Louis XVI style. Although he erroneously dated it to 1820 and attributed it to Bapst, possibly contributed to the legend that the tiara had belonged to Queen Marie Antoinette. It was bought by Julius Jacobi for 78 100 Francs and as a piece now associeted with Queen Marie Antoinette, daughter of Empress Maria Theresia, it was aquired by Prince Albert von Thurn und Taxis in 1890 as an appropriate wedding present for another Austrian Archduchess, Margarete, whom he married in Budapest on 16 July in that year.

At least the tiara is worn on the wedding of Princess Gloria and Prince Johannes in 1980, see above in the picture the Princess wearing the pearl and diamond tiara and the pearl and diamond "devant de corsage" and at his sixtieth birthday ball in 1986. More about the "devante de corsage"
Princess Gloria sold this tiara for 935 000 Mark in 1992 to pay tax, it`s now displayed at the Louvre, Paris.

source: Morel;Twining;Sothebys

 

Das Perlen Diamant Diadem der Kaiserin Eugenie von Frankreich | Pearl and Diamond Tiara of Empress Eugenie

Fürstenhochzeit mit dem Diadem | Thurn and Taxis Wedding

Perlen Diamant Devant de Corsage | Diamond Pearl Devant de Corsage

Empire Saphir Diadem mit Diamanten | Empire Sapphire Tiara

Smaragd Corsage Brosche mit Diamanten | Emerald Devant de Corsage

Bericht über die grosse fürstliche Juwelen-Auktion | The auction of the princely Jewels

Ein Teil der versteigerten Ring-Collection | The Ring Collection

Saphir-Diamant-Schmuck | The Thurn und Taxis Sapphire - Diamond Jewels

Die Smaragd-Ohrringe der Grossfürstin Wladimir | The Emerald Earrings of the Grand Duchess Wladimir

Das historische Smaragd-Rubin-Diamant Halsband des Fürsten von Thurn und Taxis | The Emerald Ruby Choker with Diamonds of the House Thurn and Taxis

Die historische Smaragd Diamant Brosche des Fürsten von Thurn und Taxis | The Emerald Brooche with Diamonds of the House Thurn and Taxis

Kleine Diadem mit Diamanten und Brillanten der Fürstin Therese | The small diamond tiara of Fürstin Therese

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